Sentences in English are either written in the active voice or the passive voice. In this post, we learn how to write sentences of the Present continuous tense in active and passive voice, and how to change active voice in to passive voice.
Present continuous tense, also known as the Present progressive tense, talks about actions that someone is doing in the present.
Active and passive voice of the Present Continuous tense
- Active voice: Subject (doer) + is/am/are + V1+ing + object
- Passive voice: The object (receiver of the action) + is/am/are + being + V3 + (by the doer)
- Active: She is taking a class.
(she = doer of the action, is = helping verb = taking = main verb, a class = receiver of the action)
- Passive: A class is being taken by her.
(a class = the new subject, is being = helping verb = taking = main verb)
In the active voice of the Present Continuous tense, we focus on the person who is doing an action currently in the present.
In the passive voice of the Present continuous tense, we focus on the object (the receiver of the action) that is receiving the action in the present. The verb tense is formed using “is/am/are + being + V3.”
- Active voice: Ashish is teaching English at this university.
- Passive voice: English is being taught by Ashish at this university.
- Active voice: They are making a movie about me.
- Passive voice: A movie about me is being made (by them).
- Active voice: A robot is serving food in this hotel.
- Passive voice: Food is being served by a robot in this hotel.
- Active voice: They are taking interviews for different posts.
- Passive voice: Interviews are being taken for different posts (by them).
- Active voice: The police are interrogating him right now.
- Passive voice: He is being interrogated (by the police right now).
- Active voice: Everybody is watching the final match.
- Passive voice: The final match is being watched by everyone.
- Active voice: Who is helping you in your project?
- Passive voice: Who are you being helped by in this project?
- Active voice: Ron is not training the kids.
- Passive voice: The kids are not being trained (by Ron).
- Active voice: Are they playing cricket right now?
- Passive voice: Is cricket being played by them right now?
- Active voice: Why is he not helping us?
- Passive voice: Why are we not being helped by him?
NOTE: the helping verb (is/am/are) can be different in active and passive voice of a sentence. The active voice (verb) follows the doer of the action, and the passive voice (verb) follows the receiver of the action.
In the passive voice, the doer of the action, generally, is not mentioned as the focus is on the receiver of the action. It happens as the subject is either less important, understood, or unnecessary to mention.
- His interview is being taken.
- The final match is being played at Wankhede Stadium.
- The next video is being recorded.
- Students are being punished for tricking the class teacher.
- Some people are being arrested on the road.
Note that in the above examples, we haven’t added the doer of the action as it is not what we are focusing on.
Change the active voice of Present continuous tense into passive voice!
Sentences in the active voice:
1. She is cooking food.
2. My parents are making budget plans.
3. The school is organizing a picnic.
4. Everyone is praising your work.
5. How are they doing it?
6. I am not doing anything these days.
7. Whom are you dating now?
8. Is he not seeing a girl?
9. Where are you giving classes?
10. Jon is holding a press conference.
Sentences in the passive voice:
1. Food is being cooked by her.
2. Budget plans are being made by my parents.
3. A picnic is being organized by the school.
4. Your work is being praised by everyone.
5. How is it being done by them?
6. Nothing is being done these days by me.
7. Whom is being dated by you now?
8. Is a girl not being seen by him?
9. Where are classes being given by you?
10. A press conference is being held by Jon.
Use of IS/AM/ARE
|IS||he, she, it & singular noun names (Jon, Roxy, mother, doctor, chair, etc.)|
|AM||I (first person pronoun)|
|ARE||you, we, they & plural noun names (people, friends, parents, doctors, chairs, etc.)|