Present Indefinite Tense: 5 unique usages

Do you guys know why you should master the Present Indefinite tense? 😉

Because the Present Indefinite tense is the most used tense in the English language. Knowingly or unknowingly, we all are using this tense. Now, it’s time to know what the Present Indefinite tense, also known as the Simple Present tense, is, and how to use it correctly.

What is the Present Indefinite tense?

Present Indefinite tense definition: The Present Indefinite tense is a verb form that is used to state facts, repeated actions, habits, and interests. We use this tense to talk about what we do, what we like, what we dislike, and what our goals and ambitions are.

The Present Indefinite tense examples:

  • I teach English.
  • Rahul works at a mall.
  • The sun rises in the east.
  • Most people make excuses for their failures.
  • Jyoti likes to paint in her idle time.
  • Ashish calls himself Pollyanna.
  • She prefers coffee to tea.
  • Jon loves playing cricket in the morning.
  • His mother is a classical dancer.
  • Virat Kohli is the captain of the Indian cricket team.
  • You are my love.
  • My father hates smokers.
  • She doesn’t talk to anyone.
  • Jon stays with his girlfriend.

Note: scroll down to the end to check the Present Indefinite tense structures!

Present indefinite tense examples and definition
Present indefinite tense examples and definition

Different usages of the Present Indefinite tense

Now, let’s look at all the situations where the Present Indefinite tense is used.

1. Repeated actions

This is most common way to use the Present Indefinite tense. Whenever we talk about things that we do repeatedly, we use the Present Indefinite tense.

Some of the things I repeatedly do:

  • I wake up daily.
  • I speak.
  • I take a bath.
  • I smile.
  • I laugh.
  • I go outside.
  • I watch TV.
  • I study English.
  • I take a walk.
  • I sleep daily.
  • I eat food.
  • I make grammar lessons.
  • I talk to my family members and friends.
  • I listen to songs in the evening.
  • I give English classes to my students.

Note: You can also talk about the frequency at which these actions take place. We use the following adverbs of frequency to do so:

Daily/everyday, always, usually, normally/generally, often/frequently, sometimes, occasionally, seldom, rarely, never

  • I daily eat food.
  • Jon talks to his mother rudely sometimes.
  • They often get late to the classes.
  • We never take shortcuts.

2. Universal facts/truths

We commonly use the Present Indefinite tense to talk about the things that are universal facts, already proven. Here are some examples:

  • The sun rises in the east.
  • Plants give us oxygen.
  • Water freezes at zero degree celsius.
  • Narendra Modi is the Prime Minister of India.

3. Likes and dislikes

To talk about what you like and dislike, we use the Present Indefinite tense. Study the following examples:

  • She likes to play chess.
  • I love talking to people.
  • My brother does not like partying.
  • Jyoti paints whenever she gets idle time.
  • Riya hates waking up early in the morning.
  • Monu enjoys playing with kids.
  • My younger sister abhors studying Mathematics.

4. Hobbies and interests

Use the Present Indefinite tense to talk about your interests and hobbies. Here are some examples that talk about the interests and the hobbies of the speaker:

  • I write poems before hitting the hay. (hobby)
  • My father reads newspaper every morning. (hobby)
  • Izzy enjoys watching fighting. (interest)
  • Shruti is crazy about video games. (interest)
  • Ashi meditates daily. (hobby)
  • Most of my friends are passionate about bodybuilding. (interest)

5. Goals, wishes and ambitions

We also use the Present Indefinite tense to talk about goals, wishes, and ambitions. Here are some examples:

  • I want to open a school for the poor. (goal)
  • Our parents just want to see us happy. (wish)
  • Riya wishes to be a pilot. (wish)
  • Max wants to be a motivational speaker. (goal)
  • They want to see me lose. (wish)
  • He dreams of having his own company by 2022. (goal or ambition)

The Present Indefinite tense structures

1. Affirmative sentence

Use the following structure when the subject is plural:

SubjectV1object/modifier (optional)

Use the following structure when the subject is singular:

SubjectV1 + s/esobject/modifier (optional)

Examples:

  • They love me.
  • My students are brilliant.
  • She calls me every day.
  • Rahul wishes to be a doctor someday.

2. Negative sentences

Use the following structure when the subject is plural:

Subjectdo + notV1object/modifier (optional)

Use the following structure when the subject is singular:

Subjectdoes + notV1object/modifier (optional)
Singular subjectshe, she, it & singular noun names
Plural subjectsI, you, we, they & plural noun names

Examples:

  • They don’t love me.
  • My students don’t give up.
  • She doesn’t call me everyday.
  • Rahul doesn’t want to be a doctor.

3. Interrogative sentences

Use the following structure when the subject is plural:

DosubjectV1object/modifier (optional)?

Use the following structure when the subject is singular:

DoessubjectV1object/modifier (optional)?

Examples:

  • Do you love me?
  • Do they work hard?
  • Does she call you everyday?
  • Does he enjoy working here?

Note: use “NOT” after the subject to form an interrogative sentence.

Examples:

  • Do they not work hard?
  • Does she not call you everyday?

But avoid asking negative questions as they create confusion. Always ask positive questions!

Words used in the post!

  • Idle time = refer to the time when you have nothing to do, free time
  • Pollyanna = a person that is excessively optimistic
  • Hitting the hay = to sleep

If you prefer watching videos to reading posts, click on this video to master the present indefinite tense:

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